Blair Endodontics and Microsurgery offers a wide range of endodontic treatments

Diagnosis is the art and science of detecting and distinguishing a disease. When a patient comes to our office with pain, we use state of the art techniques to diagnose their problem. Endodontic (root canal) problem could be one of many causes of pain in the head and neck area.

Root Canal Treatment

A procedure to remove the vital or necrotic pulp tissue (nerve) from inside the root canal system (canals) located within the tooth followed by cleaning, shaping and obturating the canals.

Root Canal Retreatment

If a patient had an endodontic (root canal) treatment in the past and developed a problem after that, they can have the tooth retreated. Retreatment is a procedure to remove the root canal filling materials from the tooth, followed by cleaning, shaping, and obturating the canals.

Apicoectomy or Root-End Surgery:

The surgical removal of the apical portion of a root and adherent soft tissue, may be performed in advance of root-end preparation for a root-end filling or as a definitive treatment.

Root Resection or Root Amputation:

In case there is a localized problem involving one particular root of the tooth. This particular root can be surgically removed along with the adherent soft tissues leaving the crown of the tooth intact and supported by remaining root(s).


In children and young teenagers the teeth are not fully formed yet. A growing tooth is called an immature tooth or an open apex tooth. Apexification is a method to induce a calcified barrier in a root with an open apex or the continued apical development of an incompletely formed root in teeth with necrotic pulps.


A vital pulp therapy procedure performed to encourage continued physiological development and formation of the root end, frequently used to describe vital pulp therapy performed to encourage the continuation of this process.


A method to induce the formation of vital tissue to grow back in place of the necrotic pulp tissue mainly in open apex teeth.

Post Removal

A procedure to remove a post from inside the tooth. A post is a custom or preformed rod that is fitted and cemented into the root canal of an endodontically treated tooth for core retention.

Silver Point Removal

This is an old technique that was used more in the past. The silver point is a rigid radiopaque cone produced from almost pure silver in a variety of sizes, usually corresponding to the diameters and tapers of root canal files, historically used to obturate root canals in conjunction with a sealer.

Separated Instrument Removal

Since the canals inside the teeth are very narrow with often many complexities in the shape, diameter and length, the instruments used during the endodontic (root canal) treatment could separate and stay inside the tooth. In our office we use many techniques to retrieve these separated instrument.

Perforation Repair

Perforation is a communication between the root canal system (the inside of the tooth) and the external tooth surface, which could be due to pathological or mechanical reasons. We use different materials and techniques to repair these communications to avoid future leakage and re-infection of the tooth.